Amazon Without Fires Program PASF

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Context

Ecuador, with 24.8 million hectares of continental surface, is one of the smallest countries in South America. It is the owner of an exceptional biodiversity concentrated in 91 natural ecosystems, distributed in three biogeographic regions, the Sierra, Coast and Amazon regions. This natural wealth covers 15.3 million hectares, equivalent to 62% of the national territory. However, the problem in the country in terms of forest fires is not far from the regional and global scenario. Flames of this type have caused losses of more than 196,429 ha in the period between 2012 and 2020, expanding large areas of natural and planted forests, as well as other types of natural vegetation, such as the Andean moors, of exceptional water value for a significant percentage of the Ecuadorian population; in addition to agricultural land.

The Program for the Reduction of Forest Fires and Alternatives to the use of fire “Amazonia Without Fire” in the highlands and coast of Ecuador AWFP (PASF) is a proposal for sustainable development that protects natural resources such as soil, water, biodiversity and mainly community livelihoods from the ravages that forest fires cause every year in our country, mainly in the mountains and coast regions, as well as in the high Andean foothills of our Amazon region.

The AWFP (PASF) does not fight forest fires, it promotes prevention actions as part of the competences of the national environmental authority. It seeks a paradigm shift by recognizing fire as an element of nature, which must be managed to reduce the impacts of conflagrations.

With a comprehensive fire management approach, it is intended to link the management of the territory and the people who live in it, understanding the role of fire in ecosystems, integrating socio-cultural and economic needs, ecological factors and techniques of control and use of fire.